Hello! How's it going?
Today's class is going to be about Simple Past Statements and Questions with Regular Verbs.
What are the rules? The rule is very very easy. You take the verb, and in order to make it a past verb, Simple Past, you add two letter; ed. For example: the verb play, and we want to say it in the past tense. So it's played, and it's pronounced played.
The great advantage of this is that we use it for all people.
- I played
- You played
- He played
- She played
- It played
- We played
- They played
Now, in the negative form, we use the auxiliary verb didn't. And we use it for everybody.
- I didn't play
- You didn't play
- He didn't play
- She didn't play
- It didn't play
- We didn't play
- They didn't play
Now, in the question form we use the auxiliary verb did. First we use the auxiliary verb, then the pronoun and then the verb. For example: Did you play? and you can answer, Yes, I did. / No, I didn't. Did he play? Yes, he did./No, he didn't. Did she play? Yes, she did./No, she didn't. Did it play? Yes, it did./No, it didn't. Did we play? Yes, you did/No, you didn't. Did they play? Yes, they did./No, they didn't.
Now, again with the verbs. I mentioned what you have to do to make it turn in the past tense is adding two letters, ed; play–played, study–studied. But, with this verb study, it end in a y just like play, but the letter before the y is a consonat. So, you need to make a change. You need to change your y to i and then add the ed. But that's the only difference.
And if we have verbs that the last three letters are consonant, vowel, consonat. For example: shop. So what we do when it is in the simple past tense, we have to add the last consonant again. For example, it is spelled SHOP, and you have to add another p and then es. It's very easy, it's very simple. And that is how you do it when you are making a statement, possitive, negative and the questions form.
The verb play ends in a y, but since the letter next to the y, before the y is a vowel, all we do is add ed, play–played. For example: play + ed, played.
But, if our verb ends in a y, and the letter before the y is a consonant, as in study, we need to change the y for an i and then add ed; study–studied.
And another example is in the verb shop. The last three letters are a consonat, a vowel and a consonat. So, what we do is we have to add another consonant that is the last letter. It's the same one. It will be shopped
But, all the other verbs we add ed with the exeption if our verb ends in one e. For example: Like. It already has an e, so all you have to add is a d. Liked.